Less Baggage Less Stuff Less Procrastination

A different kind of travelogue. As an avid young traveller I often wondered what would it would be like when I got older, gathered commitments, created children and accrued debt. This is what it's like.

Grand Tour #39; The Holy Island of Lindisfarne

Way up north, past where the north is genuinely north, up where northern England is further north than southern Scotland, there is a little island. A holy island. It is a bit like a Northumbrian version of Mont St. Michel. It may well be a more important place in terms of the christian world. It is certainly a more important place in terms of the art world. Curious.

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The “Holy Island of Lindisfarne”, to give it its proper name, is a little tidal island with a big history. It is reached by a causeway from the mainland not far from Berwick-Upon-Tweed. There is a lovely drive up that way from the Newcastle direction. From a kids point of view the causeway is gold. The 16th Century Castle is brilliant too. In terms of setting the scene, for a whole bunch of interesting history stuff I wanted to teach the kids, these sort of features are very helpful. Turns out that if you do fun stuff then the “road-schooling” is more fun. (Who’d’ve thunk it?)

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I am not a christian but you don’t need faith to appreciate the story of the Irish Saint Aidan sent from the island of Iona at the request of King Oswald way back in 635. The vast majority of the conversion of the people of the island of greater Britain was done by evangelical monks from the island of lesser Britain. (Lesser Britain is usually referred to as Ireland these days.) It was not converted by the Roman Churches mission to Canterbury under Saint Augustine. The so called Gregorian Mission (Pope Gregory the great) was more focused on the Anglo-Saxons; the product of the successful Saxon invasions of the south east of greater Britain filling the void left after the withdrawal of the faltering Roman Empire in 410 AD.

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The church that had developed under the Irish influence was very different to the Roman model. It was based on Monasteries not Bishoprics. The Abbots of each Monastery were often elected by their “brothers”. The Abbots themselves were not necessarily priests or bishops. It was much more grass roots model. If an Abbott was a good leader then their Monastery would grow more successful. The Abbots occasionally convened and the representatives of the largest monastic communities would, largely speaking, hold more influence over joint decisions. It was not perfect but it was very different to the top down model of the Roman church developed within the eternal city and under the influence of the Roman Empire with its Caesars and its Senate.

 

The Roman Church was a far more politically astute and strategically driven institution and after successfully converting the south east the spheres of influence began to clash. The British Church had developed into a body distinct from the Irish Church. It had not however become a match for the romans. It was still primarily made up of many parts, each focussed primarily on the individual monasteries and their different interests. These interests were conversion of lay persons, feeding the greater monastic community, education, creation of manuscripts, tending the sick….. good christian stuff.

As the 19th Century Anglican Bishop of Durham summarised it:

“Augustine was the Apostle of Kent but Aidan was the Apostle of the English.”

The Roman Church was better at the bigger picture. They converted the Kings. As was repeated in the history of the Roman Church there was little space for alternative Churches. The Irish Church (sometimes referred to as Celtic Christianity) was not geared towards the politics of domination. There was no interest in fighting. Especially over the work of God. Eventually the Roman mission came to dominate not only the south but also the north. The crucial, and largely characteristic, capitulation of the non-Roman christians came at the Synod of Whitby. Curiously the grave matters upon which the Celtic Christians had to back down included how to cut your hair and when Easter should be celebrated. It was more than a symbolic climb down.

 

It is interesting to ponder how different things may have been. Augustine had had a poor start in Kent and even asked Pope Gregory to be allowed to return to Italy. If the Celtic Christians had been more stubborn a monastic based church may have persisted in the British Isles. Imagine how such a model would have changed the nature of the British Isles especially given its later domination of the entire globe when Britannia ruled the waves.

For me though Lindisfarne is about the Art. The Lindisfarne Gospels are some of the most important illustrated manuscripts in existence. They are beautiful amalgams of all the influences that came to bear upon the remote northern island; a reminder that in Britain the most interesting things happen when multiple cultures collide. This is in stark contrast to the paranoid racist nonsense that right wing populist manipulators so often put forward. England is great, English is great, Britain is great precisely because it has had the multiple invaders, traders, missionaries and raiders. This was the case on the 5th Century AD and it is still the case. There is nothing pure about it and that is its strength.

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It is Northumbrian and it is Irish. It was written in Latin but it was altered in the 10th Century by Aldred. Aldred wrote a direct translation in between the original lines in Latin to create the oldest Old English Gospel in existence. It is not the only great work of Insular art but it is one of the finest. That someone “defaced” it when it was a couple of hundred years old doesn’t really detract from it at all.

There are many Art Historians that debate the finer details of the Gospels’ story. But that wasn’t going to keep my kids interested. The fact that Lindisfarne was the site of one of the earliest Viking raids is far more juicy. A bit like in the far from kid-friendly recent TV series.

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That the scary Vikings literally laid hands on the Gospels and then tossed it aside, having ripped its jewelled studded silver cover off, makes this unique book more fun than almost every other book ever written.

So where is the actual book, they ask? The book itself is (controversially) in the British Library in London. That is down nearer to Augustines patch and some folks up in Northumberland are bitter about that.

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8 comments on “Grand Tour #39; The Holy Island of Lindisfarne

  1. Sheamus
    29/01/2016

    I suppose your an Atheist?
    A lot of “well educated” folks like to call themselves atheist because the God Thing is outside their intellectual ability therefore it must be wrong. I think its hilarious that someone as “well educated” as Richard Dawkins feel comfortable stateing categoriclly “there is no God” even though our very limited knowledge is constantly highlighted by simple facts like, we dont even know the geological composition of our sister planets in our own solar system.
    Anyway.
    I was wondering wheather or not the Irish/North England early christian model that you refer to may have been more sympathic to the Gnostic movement, the Valentinians, the Carpocratians, that existed for 2/300 yrs after Christ. They had a much looser arrangement than the Pyramid version we ended up with. They circulated positions of authority and women were equal participants. They were squashed.

    • dougalynch
      30/01/2016

      To respond or not to respond; that is the question.

    • dougalynch
      30/01/2016

      On the second point I suspect that the early Irish/Celtic Christian set up would have been more open to other movements. Purely conjecture of course.

      You have to watch out for conjecture.

      Putting a theory forward that lacks any evidence is usually one to avoid.

      Which brings us back to your first point doesn’t it?

      • Sheamus
        30/01/2016

        Absolutely, i totaly understand, we lesser educated folks are not fazed by discussions upon which we may not have all the facts but enjoy chating about them anyway. The well educated feel nervous in such territory which must make life a little less fun.

        Im sorry.

        Its an angle worth considering if you do decide to respond to the first point.

  2. Sheamus
    12/02/2016

    Mary and Duffy got engaged, there was a big knees up on Sat night down in the Pogue. Everyone was there, Sean Fada was looking good, his cafe is doing great and he has started a new book, something mad about turf harvesting and its cultural and social effects. Duffy has changed, theres a bit of fun in him now and he has a pint or two with the locals, Mary must be good for him. Fr. Flately was there, he is in trouble with the big wigs for his ‘gay celabration mass’ last June. A report has been sent to the ‘Fat Again’, he may have to step down, i dont think he really cares, i think he just wants to be an ordinary bloke, hes well liked around here.
    Anyway.
    I was thinking about your comment “you have to watch out for conjecture”. Im a space exploration buff, i love all our endevours to know a bit more about our solar system, our galaxy, our universe. Nasa’s program is painfully slow, we are decades behind where we might be if we were to take a few risks. There are thousands of people willing to take the risks and now finally the private sector are getting involved which will loosen up what has become a constipated program. Throughout history a willingness to take risks, to make mistakes even though you may appear foolish has contributed enormously to new discoveries and ideas, so whereas its important to recognise conjecture and the risk involved while stepping into the unknown, people who are prepared to do this contribute to our overall understanding of our condition. Have you ever heard of the Rishis? They were a spirtualy advanced people of the Hindu culture about 1000BC. Well these guys were disscussing some subjects that are at the cutting edge of Quantum Physics today. Among other things they claimed that it was within human capability to deconstruct our molecular form and reconstruct again anywhere in the universe. We need to get to another solar system and we need to do it soon. We will not manage to a machine capable of such a trip within the time necessary and our physical body is incapable of making the journey. So the idea that the Rishis were exploring is perhaps our only hope. The Aboriginal people of Australia were into stuff like this too.
    What have we been doing for the last 3000 yrs? I don’t suppose you spend much time thinking about this sort of stuff, do you Doctor.

    • dougalynch
      16/02/2016

      Well I do try to spare a little time to examine 3000 year old religions and the theories of quantum physics but the two things are competing for the same grey matter and I don’t feel in doing with of them justice.

  3. dougalynch
    16/02/2016

    ….I don’t feel I’m doing either of them justice.

    • Sheamus
      17/02/2016

      Indeed, doing justice in areas like Quantum physics will always be a problem for anyone other than the lads themselves. But it can be fun to poke around and play with the ideas, it doesn’t have to complete for a place of importance in your grey matter. In fact i do believe the Rishis and the Quantum heads would welcome a serious soul like yourself to come stroll in their garden. Relax a bit, how’s Mrs Lego?
      Where are we?
      Lindisfarne!
      Nice here, quiet, peaceful. There was a band called Lindsfarne (you don’t have to worry about that Doctor, its a confirmable fact).

      The auld fella had a bit of a turn, heart,but we think he’s ok. I don’t get on that well with him but I wouldn’t like to see him go, hes only 65/66.

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